After Edward Kaczynski’s wife passed away five years ago, he realized he had a problem: He didn’t know how to cook many meals for himself.
The 93-year-old can cook spaghetti, sure, but he can’t cook “like a woman can,” he says. And definitely not like his wife used to.
So, each weekday around 10:30 a.m. Meals on Wheels volunteers visit Kaczynski, a World War II veteran, at his Brookline home. The Brookline Meals on Wheels is operated out of the Saint Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church, and Kaczynski is one of about 35 people who receive meals from the program.
“It means a big deal for me,” Kaczynski said. “What these guys bring me is quite a lift.”
Under President Donald Trump’s administration, there’s a chance Kaczynski could lose that lift.
The Trump administration is reportedly accepting guidance on its federal budget from two conservative groups who place little importance on a block grant program that supports more than 50 community groups in Pittsburgh, and makes up about 19 percent of the Brookline Meals on Wheels budget.
One of those groups, the Republican Study Committee, has suggested eliminating the Community Development Block Grant [CDBG] program altogether. The other group, right-leaning think tank the Heritage Foundation, suggests similar cuts.
Many members of Pittsburgh’s city council have been anticipating cuts, but nothing so drastic as the elimination of the CDBG program.
“It would be a disaster if those funds were declined, and we’d have to do more on the back of local taxpayers,” said Councilwoman Natalia Rudiak, who believes these groups can’t go unfunded. Rudiak represents Brookline and other neighborhoods in District 4.
For Pittsburgh, no more CDBG money would mean losing more than $12 million from the annual budget, much of which goes to city infrastructure projects like road paving. City council members and the mayor use more than $1 million of the annual CDBG funds to directly fund groups like the Greater Pittsburgh Community Food Bank, the Women’s Center and Shelter, homeless shelters, and the Brashear Association. For those groups, the city’s loss of block grants would leave them with serious funding gaps.
Groups that receive block grant money from other city departments could also suffer.
Last year, the city expected to get $247,000 more than it did. To compensate, city council members said they took a total of $225,000 from infrastructure projects so groups like Pittsburgh Action Against Rape and Reading is Fundamental for Pittsburgh wouldn’t go without.
The survival of the Brookline Meals on Wheels would be in question without the yearly grant from the city, said program director Carol Ingold. This year, the block grants account for $12,000 of its $64,000 budget. As it is now, Ingold said Meals on Wheels clients pay $5 for a meal that costs $6.54 to make. And the program is lenient with people who can’t pay at all.
“I don’t know how we could do it. We would have to raise the price,” she said.
“That would put more people on the list of who couldn’t keep up, which is like a Catch 22,” Howard Ingold, her husband and the program’s treasurer, added.
Other groups could also take a hit if block grant money is cut or taken away:
- The Hazelwood Initiative, a group that buys and revitalizes vacant and abandoned properties in Hazelwood, uses block grants from city council to help pay its director’s salary and other operational costs, allowing the organization to stay open.
- The Hilltop Alliance, located in Allentown, uses block grant money for a program that helps revitalize blighted properties throughout Pittsburgh’s South Hills. Without the federal funding, executive director Aaron Sukenik said the program would be in jeopardy of shutting down.
- And the Pittsburgh AIDS Task Force uses block grant money to fund a portion of a program that provides short- and long-term housing for people who are HIV positive. While losing that money, about $5,000 in total, wouldn’t devastate the organization, it would still have to make up the lost funds.
‘A huge fear of what’s coming’
From the more than $1 million given to city council and the mayor’s office, each city council member gets $75,000 to spend on their district. Last year, the mayor got $500,000 to distribute. This year, he plans to distribute $300,000.
If Trump takes the advice of the two conservative groups and Pittsburgh officials lose access to that purse next year, they will have to consider pulling funds from other projects again or raise it from taxpayers if they want to continue supporting the community programs.
“I think everybody has a huge fear of what’s coming,” said District 5 Councilman Corey O’Connor. The city, he said, needs to be prepared to foot the bill for services the federal government funded in the past.
While 2017 block grant funding is secured, city council will have to wait until the federal budget is passed to know how much they'll get for 2018. That could be as late as October.
CDBG funding has been cut every year since 2013. Councilman Dan Gilman said he feels Congress is out of touch and does not realize the importance of the funding to communities. The block grants support groups that feed and clothe the homeless and provide aid to children and families, said Gilman, who represents Shadyside, Point Breeze and other neighborhoods in District 8.
“They’ve really lost sight of the grave impact it has on the ground for the people who need our help most,” he said. “So it will have a direct impact to any person in my district who needs those services, and that’s scary.”
In Brookline, Jim Doran, a 64 year-old retired security officer, is one of those people. He has little money. He isn’t able to get out of the house much. And he says he has a bad heart. He relies on Meals on Wheels.
Even if council opts to lobby Congress to preserve the funding — an effort not guaranteed to pay off — they may still be left looking for money to aid groups like the food banks and homeless shelters.
Since 1972, Carol Ingold said she’s always had enough money to run Meals on Wheels. And year after year, her community relies on it.
“They know we’re there for them and they know if they run out of money we’ll be there for them,” she said. “They’ve got a friend.”
This story is supported in part by a 100 Days of U.S. award from The Sprout Fund.