A community activist group announced Thursday that it filed an amicus brief on behalf of several news organizations, including PublicSource, that are fighting in court to make Pittsburgh’s Amazon HQ2 bid and related documents public.

The American Civil Liberties Union in Pennsylvania, among other groups, has signed onto the amicus brief. ACLU Legal Director Vic Walczak said on Thursday to about a dozen people gathered in front of the City-County Building Downtown that Amazon would cause “an earthquake of unprecedented magnitude for this region.” He said everything from housing to the local economy to local politics would be affected.

“No person will be unaffected, and you’re going to have issues of fairness and justice abound everywhere,” he said. “Under those circumstances, it’s absolutely essential that the government activity that can lead to this earthquake must be made public.”

The protesters in attendance called on Pittsburgh Mayor Bill Peduto and Allegheny County Executive Rich Fitzgerald to release details of what the city offered the online retail giant to lure it to Pittsburgh. Both have declined to do so, saying they’ll release the bid once Amazon makes its final decision and that the public will have its chance to weigh in.

The amicus brief, filed by the Community Power Movement, argues that the refusal by the city and county to make the Amazon proposal public is “unlawful.” Using Pennsylvania’s Right-to-Know Law, PublicSource and other news outlets requested the city and county release the bid and details on incentives offered. The city submitted its bid on Oct. 19, and PublicSource’s open records requests were filed the next day. Amazon named Pittsburgh as one of 20 finalist cities for the HQ2 location in January.

Community Power Movement co-founder Jules Lobel is chair of the University of Pittsburgh’s law department. He, and some students, drafted the amicus brief in support of media efforts to make the Amazon HQ2 bid public. (Photo by Ryan Loew/PublicSource)
Community Power Movement co-founder Jules Lobel is chair of the University of Pittsburgh’s law department. He, and some students, drafted the amicus brief in support of media efforts to make the Amazon HQ2 bid public. (Photo by Ryan Loew/PublicSource)

The brief says the open records law makes it clear that the bid is a public document and that members of the community have a stake in knowing what’s in it. The Office of Open Records has also deemed the bid and associated materials to be public.

Jackie Smith, a University of Pittsburgh professor and organizer of Thursday’s event, studies economic globalization and its impact on communities. She said Amazon fits into a trend of large companies amassing power and using that power to win favor with governments. Those same large companies, she said, also cause people to be displaced when they move into communities.

“We’re seeing less and less democracy in our society and the only way to get it back is to fight these kinds of struggles and to get more people involved in doing the hard work of finding out information,” she said.

Other community groups signed onto the amicus brief, including: the Thomas Merton Center, Hazelwood Initiative, Urbankind, Pittsburghers for Public Transit, Pittsburgh Human Rights City Alliance and Penn Plaza Tenants Association.

Jules Lobel, chair of the University of Pittsburgh’s law department, was the main drafter of the amicus brief, along with some students. He said calling on local leaders for transparency is important because their decisions can change communities. But doing so is also a way to hold Peduto accountable for his promise to run a transparent city.

“This is what Peduto promised that he was going to do when he was elected mayor, but unfortunately, he is not complying with his promise,” Lobel  said.

The organizers also delivered a petition to city council demanding that the city make the Amazon bid public and involve community members in discussions about tax subsidies. Councilman Corey O’Connor, who stopped by the gathering, said he hadn’t seen the bid yet and “[looked] forward to an open and public discussion.”

Gov. Tom Wolf’s administration is also currently appealing in Commonwealth Court to prevent PublicSource from obtaining documents about the incentives the Department of Community and Economic Development offered to Amazon. Those incentives are currently estimated to be about $1 billion.   

Crystal Jennings, a community activist, shared her concerns about how Amazon HQ2 could displace residents. (Photo by Ryan Loew/PublicSource)

Others in attendance Thursday spoke about how Amazon could displace residents.They argued that HQ2 would drive up housing and rent costs and force people to move outside of the city, where they would be farther from doctor’s offices and bus lines.

“People get pushed out to transit deserts. They’re not going to be able to get to food, to work, to child care,”  said Crystal Jennings, an organizer with Pittsburghers for Public Transit and the Penn Plaza Support and Action Coalition.

Mel Packer, a social activist, said he found the city’s lack of transparency about Amazon, given its potential effects, “outrageous.” He said community members should have been involved in the HQ2 process from the beginning. He said trying to bargain with Amazon later in the process is like trying to force an escaped lion back in a cage: “They eat you, that’s all they do.”

J. Dale Shoemaker is PublicSource’s government and data reporter. He can be reached at dale@publicsource.org or 412-515-0069. You can follow him on Twitter @JDale_Shoemaker. He can be reached securely at PGP: bit.ly/2ig07qL.

Madeleine Davison is an editorial intern for PublicSource. She can be reached at madeleine@publicsource.org. You can follow her on Twitter @madeleinegdav.

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J. Dale Shoemaker was a reporter for PublicSource between 2017 and 2019.