President Obama’s clemency initiative is bogged down, and time is running out.

Recently, U.S. Pardon Attorney Deborah Leff urged lawyers not to delay, even if they are doing so to craft stronger arguments for their clients.

The Justice Department launched the clemency initiative last year and is encouraging non-violent inmates who have served at least 10 years in prison for drug offenses to consider filing for commutations or clemency.

The existence of the program is an acknowledgment that federal prisons are crowded with inmates serving long sentences with questionable benefit to public safety.

But so far, not much has happened.

Obama has only approved 3 percent of nearly 17,000 commutation petitions, according to USA Today, though he said early this year that he wants to use his clemency powers “more aggressively.”

The related Clemency Project 2014, a working group of pro-bono lawyers, only filed 31 petitions in its first year, the story said.

The timing matters because a backlog means Obama could leave office before decisions are made.

According to USA Today:

The Clemency Project has set a goal of Jan. 20, 2016, for all petitions to be filed, to give the Obama administration a full year to consider them and send them to the president’s desk for a decision before his term ends. Leff said any petitions that come in after that date could be left to Obama’s successor.

“So if we receive an enormous number of petitions at the last minute, yes, they will be reviewed. But a lot of them will not be reviewed during this administration,” she said.

Leff emphasized speed over meticulous lawyering, saying “this is not the time to prepare a treatise of hundreds of pages.”

But lawyers are trying to be careful. These are clients who feel they’ve already been badly served by the justice system, now with a rare chance to be heard.

Margaret Love, who served as pardon attorney in the Clinton administration, told USA Today she is concerned Leff’s message puts volume over quality.

“What I heard was hurry up, hurry up, deliver as many cases as quickly as you possibly can,” she told the paper.

Elsewhere in Washington, a bipartisan Senate group under leadership of Sen. Charles Grassley, R-Iowa, is reportedly making progress on an effort to lessen sentences for qualified inmates.

As POLITICO reports, nothing is even on paper yet, but the group wants to allow inmates unlikely to re-offend the ability to earn time off their sentences. Some mandatory minimum sentences could also be eliminated.

Grassley, who chairs the Senate Judiciary Committee, has previously questioned the worth of eliminating mandatory minimums. Legislation will have to balance concerns from libertarians like Rand Paul, R-Ky., who want more sweeping reforms and concerns from tough-on-crime conservatives who want mandatory minimums to stay.

Grassley appears to be in the middle.

According to POLITICO:

“I have different views than Paul and those guys,” Grassley said in a short interview. “They’d make you believe [people are incarcerated] for smoking one pot [sic] or one ‘roach.’ … But they’re not; they’re in for a lifetime of violent crime.”

“But I know there needs to be reform,” he quickly added. “We need this.”

Meanwhile, the federal prison system is overcrowded, with facilities operating at roughly 40 and 50 percent above their rated capacities.

Reach Jeffrey Benzing at 412-315-0265 or at Follow him on Twitter @jabenzing.

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Jeff has been serving as assistant editor for PublicSource since October 2018, helping to guide coverage across the newsroom and overseeing economic development coverage for Develop PGH. Jeff previously...