Following a string of train derailments across North America involving crude oil, the Pennsylvania’s Office of Open Records (OOR) has ruled that state emergency management officials must release information on crude-oil shipments.

News outlets, including PublicSource, filed Right-to-Know requests for the information, but were denied because the state signed an agreement with railroads to keep the information confidential. The railroads cited potential terrorist threats and business reasons for keeping it under wraps. Several news outlets, including McClatchy Newspapers, appealed the denial.

The OOR ruled Friday that the information is neither proprietary nor presents security threats.

From McClatchy:

The Open Records office rejected all the railroads’ claims Friday in a blistering 14-page decision, calling the lengthy affidavits the companies submitted in support of their position “conclusory” and “self-serving,” and said they “may not be relied upon as competent evidence to withhold records.”

“The release of innocuous statistical and safety information does not, in and of itself, create a reasonable likelihood of endangering public safety,” the Open Records office said.

Like other open records laws, the Pennsylvania Right to Know Law places the burden of proof on government agencies to demonstrate that records should be withheld. Records are presumed to be public unless the state can prove that they are exempt.

In May, railroads were ordered by the U.S. Department of Transportation to give states shipping information on crude oil coming out of North Dakota’s Bakken Shale. Several states readily made the information public, including California, Illinois and Washington.

The Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency has 30 days from the date of the ruling to release the information. Railroads CSX and Norfolk Southern also have 30 days to appeal.

Reach Natasha Khan at 412-315-0261 or at Follow her on twitter @khantasha.

This fact-based local reporting drives impact and creates change. Help power that impact.

James Baldwin wrote, “Not everything that is faced can be changed, but nothing can be changed until it is faced.” PublicSource exists to help the Pittsburgh region face its realities and create opportunities for change. When we shine a light on inequity in our region, like the “completely unacceptable” conditions in low-income housing in McKeesport, things change. When we ask questions about policymakers’ decisions, like how Allegheny County is handling COVID-19 safety for its employees, things change. When we push for transparency on issues that affect the public, like in the use of facial recognition software by Pittsburgh police, things change.

It takes a lot of time, skill and resources to produce journalism like this. Our stories are always made available for free so that they can benefit the most people, regardless of ability to pay. But as an independent, nonprofit newsroom, we count on donations from our readers to support this crucial work. Can you make a contribution of any amount (or better yet, set up a recurring monthly gift) to help ensure we can continue to report on what matters and tell stories for a better Pittsburgh?

Natasha is PublicSource's creative director. She runs the organizations visuals team, edits and produces interactive graphics, data visualizations and web packages for PublicSource. She manages the website...